What are the initial stages of fertility treatment?


What are the initial stages of fertility treatment?

The best IVF center in Mumbai will understand your sexual habits and make recommendations to improve your chances of getting pregnant before infertility testing. There are cases like unexplained infertility, that is, there is no specific reason found for infertility in some couples. The evaluation of infertility can be often expensive, and sometimes it can involve uncomfortable procedures as well. Some medical plans will not cover the cost of fertility treatment and there is no 100% guarantee that you will get pregnant after all the testing and counseling. This module will explain the initial stages of fertility treatment in brief.

Tests for men:

A man is said to be perfectly fertile when he is capable of producing healthy sperms, and that sperm is ejaculated effectively into the vagina and travels to the egg. A test for male infertility is an attempt to determine if any of these processes are impaired. Men have to undergo a general physical exam, including the examination of their genitals. The other specific tests for men at the initial stages are the following:

Semen analysis: The best IVF Hospital in Mumbai would test your semen to know a few basic details. In some cases, urine may be tested for the presence of sperm.

Hormone testing:  To determine the level of testosterone and other male hormones, you will have to undergo a blood test. 

Genetic testing: To determine if there is any genetic defect causing infertility, you will have to undergo genetic testing. 

Testicular biopsy: In some cases, a testicular biopsy is done to find if any abnormalities are contributing to infertility or to retrieve sperm for assisted reproductive techniques, such as IVF. 

Imaging: In a few other cases, imaging studies including the transrectal or scrotal ultrasound, brain MRI, or a test of the vas deferens may be performed to find any abnormalities. 

Another specialty testing: Certain tests to evaluate the quality of the sperm can also be performed like evaluating a semen specimen for DNA abnormalities.

Test for the woman:

The fertility of the woman purely depends on the healthy eggs produced by the ovaries. The egg must pass into the fallopian tubes to join with the sperm for fertilization. This fertilized egg must travel to the uterus and implant in the lining. A test for female infertility is an attempt to determine if any of these processes are impaired. Like the males, females have to undergo the general physical exam, including a regular gynecological exam. Some of the other tests for women at the initial stages are as follows:

Ovulation testing: A simple blood test measures the hormone levels to check if you are ovulating. 

Hysterosalpingography:  This test is to evaluate the condition of the uterus and the fallopian tubes for any problems. X-ray contrast is injected into your uterus, and an X-ray is taken to identify if the cavity is normal and to see if the fluid spills out of your fallopian tubes. 

Ovarian reserve testing: This helps the doctor to determine the number of eggs that are available for ovulation. This testing is often done with hormone testing during the early menstrual cycle. 

Another hormone testing: This involves checking of ovulatory hormones and pituitary hormones that control reproductive processes.

Final thoughts:

The best IVF clinic in Mumbai will perform the above-mentioned initial tests and perform the necessary treatments for bringing the success rate of pregnancy to a greater extent. 

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